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Basic Info

Currency Tenge (KZT), 15,340,000 Kazakh speaking Population - (64th)

Native Kazakhs a mix of Turkic and Mongol nomadic tribes who migrated into the region in the 13th century were rarely united as a single nation. The area was conquered by Russia in the 18th century and Kazakhstan became a Soviet Republic in 1936. During the 1950s and 1960s agricultural "Virgin Lands" program Soviet citizens were encouraged to help cultivate Kazakhstan's northern pastures. This influx of immigrants (mostly Russians but also some other deported nationalities) skewed the ethnic mixture and enabled non-Kazakhs to outnumber natives. Independence in 1991 caused many of these newcomers to emigrate. Kazakhstan's economy is larger than those of all the other Central Asian states combined largely due to the country's vast natural resources and a recent history of political stability. Current issues include: developing a cohesive national identity; expanding the development of the country's vast energy resources and exporting them to world markets; achieving a sustainable economic growth; diversifying the economy outside the oil gas and mining sectors; enhancing Kazakhstan's competitiveness; and strengthening relations with neighboring states and other foreign powers.

Neighbours

Geography

In Asia Continent, with 2,717,300 km2 (9th in World) Land

Central Asia northwest of China; a small portion west of the Ural (Zhayyq) River in eastern-most Europe

Vast flat steppe extending from the Volga in the west to the Altai Mountains in the east and from the plains of western Siberia in the north to oases and deserts of Central Asia in the south

Continental cold winters and hot summers arid and semiarid

Vast flat steppe extending from the Volga in the west to the Altai Mountains in the east and from the plains of western Siberia in the north to oases and deserts of Central Asia in the south

Landlocked; Russia leases approximately 6 000 sq km of territory enclosing the Baykonur Cosmodrome; in January 2004 Kazakhstan and Russia extended the lease to 2050


Other Details

GDP: $176.9 billion (55th), PPP: $11500 (87th)

Demographics
  • Literacy - 99.5% (18th
  • Sex_Ratio - 0.54 male(s)/female (199th
  • Birth_Rate - 16.6 births/1,000 population (119th
  • Death_Rate - 9.39 births/1,000 population (72nd
  • Median_Age - 29.6 years (85th
  • Life_Expectancy - 67.87 years (139th
Transportation
  • Airports - 95 (63rd)
  • Railways - 13700 km (18th)
  • Roadways - 91563 km (52nd)
  • Heliports - 5 (32nd)
  • Waterways - 4000 km (25th)
  • Airports_Paved - 4 (28th)